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Biology and neuropathology of dementia in syphilis and Lyme disease.


Borrelia burgdorferi induces matrix metalloproteinases by neural cultures.


Borrelia burgdorferi persists in the brain in chronic lyme neuroborreliosis and may be associated with Alzheimer disease.


Cerebrospinal fluid Alzheimer's biomarker profiles in CNS infections. 


Chronic inflammation and amyloidogenesis in Alzheimer's disease -- role of Spirochetes.


Clinical and therapeutic aspects of dementia in syphilis and Lyme disease.


Clinical pathologic correlations of Lyme disease.


Dementia associated with infectious diseases.


Dementia in Lyme disease


Lyme-associated parkinsonism: a neuropathologic case study and review of the literature.


Lyme disease: a neuropsychiatric illness.


Lyme disease associated with Alzheimer's disease.


Lyme neuroborreliosis and dementia.


Lyme neuroborreliosis disguised as normal pressure hydrocephalus.


Lyme neuroborreliosis revealed as a normal pressure hydrocephalus: a cause of reversibledementia.


Mental disorders in the course of lyme borreliosis and tick borne encephalitis


Multiple neurologic manifestations of Borrelia burgdorferi infection


Neuroborreliosis: a psychiatric problem


Neuroborreliosis: diagnostic controversy


Neuroborreliosis in a patient with progressive supranuclear paralysis. An association or the cause


Neurologic abnormalities in Lyme disease without erythema chronicum migrans.


(Note from KYLDA:  Please remember that the testing for Lyme is very unreliable. We have helped thousands of patients and we have never come across any patients with a "false positive". Testing using spinal fluid is even more unreliable than the two-tiered testing and Lyme literate doctors [trained by ILADS] will not even use it. The neurological manifestations listed are in fact very typical of NB.)


Neurological manifestations in patients with sera positive for Borrelia burgdorferi


Neuro-ocular Lyme borreliosis.


Normal pressure hydrocephalus or neuroborreliosis?


Peripheral facial paresis as a symptom of Borrelia burgdorferi infection


Plaques of Alzheimer's disease originate from cysts of Borrelia burgdorferi, the Lyme diseasespirochete.


Recurrent and relapsing course of borreliosis of the nervous system


The psychoimmunology of lyme/tick-borne diseases and its association with neuropsychiatric symptoms. 

Rapidly progressive frontal-type dementia associated with Lyme disease


"Reversible" dementia in 2011

Dr. MacDonald speaking at a London Lecture May 15, 2016 showing Lewy Body Dementia shows Endosymbiont borrelia living inside of parasites in the brain.

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